Add custom configuration file using options and configuration objects

It can be usefull to have multiple configuration files, and it follows some develoment best practices like the Interface Segregation Principle or the Separation of Concerns. Moreover, it allows you to have the behavior you want on each configuration file.

It's very simple and asy to do this using options and configuration objects.

The first step is to add a file in your project, here customSettings.json, with the content :

  "CustomSection1": {
    "Hi": "Hi!",
    "Hello": "Hello!"
  "CustomSection2": {
    "Bye": "Bye!"

Create the model of the configuration settings you want to add :

namespace WebApplication1.Models.CustomSettings
    public class CustomSection1
        public string Hi { get; set; }
        public string Hello { get; set; }

    public class CustomSection2
        public string Bye { get; set; }

Then, use the configuration provider you want (the JSON one here), and add your class to the service container and bound to configuration :

    public class Startup
        public Startup(IHostingEnvironment env)
            var builder = new ConfigurationBuilder()
                .AddJsonFile("appsettings.json", optional: true, reloadOnChange: true)
                .AddJsonFile($"appsettings.{env.EnvironmentName}.json", optional: true)
                .AddJsonFile($"customSettings.json", optional: true, reloadOnChange: true)

            if (env.IsDevelopment())
                // This will push telemetry data through Application Insights pipeline faster, allowing you to view results immediately.
                builder.AddApplicationInsightsSettings(developerMode: true);
            Configuration = builder.Build();

        public IConfigurationRoot Configuration { get; }

        // This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to add services to the container.
        public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
            // Add framework services.

            services.Configure<CustomSection1>(options => Configuration.GetSection("CustomSection1").Bind(options));
            services.Configure<CustomSection2>(options => Configuration.GetSection("CustomSection2").Bind(options));


Work is done ! You can now access your settings from your controllers using Dependency Injection on IOptions :

    public class HomeController : Controller
        private readonly CustomSection1 _customSection1;

        private readonly CustomSection2 _customSection2;

        public HomeController(
            IOptions<CustomSection1> customSection1
            , IOptions<CustomSection2> customSection2)
            _customSection1 = customSection1.Value;
            _customSection2 = customSection2.Value;
December 27, 2016
  • ASP.NET Core
  • ASP.NET Core Configuration